Linux Systems – Advantages and Disadvantages
There are two paradigms when it comes to software. That which we call Free and Open Source and proprietary. Free and Open source software allows end users to make changes to it even though there are license requirements that apply.
Linux is one free software that is used for office, business and also personal use. It is not as widely used as Windows, however. Linux is a multi-tasking and multiuser operating system of Unix allowing several users to log in simultaneously on the same system.
Some advantages of using Linux –
- Cost – Linux is free to obtain. Unlike Microsoft, it is licensed to be used in several systems without having to pay anything.
- Security – It is also much more secure than Windows. There is no need to spend extra money for virus protection with Linux. The OS has been around for many decades now and has managed to remain secure when it comes to viruses, spyware, and adware for all of its existence. It is argued that Linux is not a widely used OS, and hence, it remains secure. But, the fact is that it is open source, and hence, if there were any known viruses affecting its users, there would have been hundreds of patches released by now by its ordinary users and companies that deploy it.
- The freedom to choose – Linux provides users the ability to control just about every aspect of the operating system. Linux allows you to control the desktops’ look and feel through the use of several Window Managers, and the kernel.
- Software availability – It offers plenty of choices when it comes to software for doing any specific task. A search for a text editor on Freshmeat will yield several hundred. The open-source nature of the OS allows that many options be available. Linux enthusiasts and programmers contribute applications all the time. Also, Linux software tends to be more feature-rich and provide enhanced usability than software on Windows. What makes Linux the best in the category of free software is that the vast majority of the Linux software is FOSS. The software is entirely free, and the user can modify the source code to add more features if he knows how to program.
- Hardware – The ability of Linux that allows the user to program an old computer with hardly any processing power or memory lying idle in your garage or basement collecting dust is what makes it wonderful. Use Linux to convert it into a firewall, a file server, or a backup server. With Linux, the possibilities are endless.
Disadvantages of Linux system:
- Understanding – Learning Linux involves a long learning curve. Patience is required along with acumen to understand an operating system. The user must be a self-learner. There are, however, several guides available online to help starters.
- Compatibility – Since it is free stuff, Linux remains behind in the race of hardware compatibility. It doesn’t have the backing that an OS like Windows enjoys.
- Alternative Programs – Even though Linux developers are working hard at creating alternatives to the widely used Windows applications, it is true that some applications that exist on Windows have no equivalent Linux application till date.